It has the effect of short-acting local anesthetic, reversibly blocks the sensory nerve endings and conductors; penetrates through the membrane of nerve cells, transmembrane ion transport is penalized (especially sodium), reduces the flow of pulses in the CNS, does not influence the size of the pupil of the eye and accommodation ability. It is readily absorbed through mucous membranes. Anesthesia occurs after 1 – 3 minutes and lasts 10-20 minutes.
Local anesthesia in ophthalmology (including surface anesthesia of the cornea and conjunctiva, tonometry, Gonioscopy and other diagnostic tests, before the subkonyuktivalnyh injection).
: Hypersensitivity to the components (including other local anesthetics group paraaminobenzojnoj acid esters or amides), children’s age (up to 2 years).
Dosage and administration
Topical in corneal anesthesia and conjunctival for removing foreign bodies in the conjunctival sac of one drop three times for 5 minutes. To remove deep-seated foreign body – 1 drop of 5-10 times with an interval of 30-60 seconds. Before injection subkonyuktivalnyh 1 drop three times for 5 minutes.
For tonometry, gonioscopy and other examinations by 1 – 2 drops.
burning sensation and redness of the conjunctiva, a brief tingling sensation, damage to the corneal epithelium layer, keratitis and corneal surface excoriation, allergic reactions. Systemic side effects: allergic reactions, disorders of the cardiovascular system (bradycardia), anaphylactic shock, fainting, symptoms of nervous system toxicity (large epileptic seizure).
irritation, insomnia, nausea, vomiting, convulsions, respiratory failure, coma, hypotension, shock, heart failure. Treatment: symptomatic.
The interaction with other drugs
drug enhances the effect of succinyl buy deca durabolin choline and sympathomimetic and decreases the action of sulfonamides and beta-blockers, compatible with the silver nitrate with substances alkaline nature, with a solution of fluorescein, as it includes geksidin diacetate which forms a precipitate by reacting .
apply only for instillation into the conjunctival sac. Not used for injection.
Continuous, repeated and prolonged use (and other local anesthetics) can lead to a stable corneal clouding.
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